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When did “killing” become wrong in society?

When did “killing” become wrong in society?


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It occurred to me that in many medieval settings, people getting killed is just a part of life.

If you angered a feudal lord or noble, they could cut off your hands or kill you and no one bats an eye. There could be bar fights leading to death. People dueled to the death for honor. Merchants get killed by bandits/thieves while traveling. Public executions (hanging, guillotine).

In the modern era, that's not the norm anymore. A single death will have dozens of LE investigating, people in the community are afraid, media attention everywhere, etc.


Code of Ur Nammu

According to World History Encyclopedia, the earliest known law code is "The Code of Ur-Nammu", from approximately 2030 BC.

World History Encyclopedia

Ur-Nammu (r. 2047-2030 BCE) was the founder of the Third Dynasty of Ur in Sumer who initiated the so-called Ur III Period (2047-1750 BCE) also known as the Sumerian Renaissance. He is best known as the king who composed the first complete law code in the world, The Code of Ur-Nammu. An earlier law code (known as the Code of Urukagina from the 24th century BCE) is only known through partial references to it and so, since the actual text itself has not been found, Ur-Nammu's code is considered the oldest extant.

Capital punishment

Murder was apparently considered a crime worthy of capital punishment, according to the code of Ur-Nammu

World History Encyclopedia

Although it is neither a true law code, being far from comprehensive; nor, some say, even introduced by Ur-Nammu but by his son Shulgi, code or no, although we only have fragments, they are enough to show that the laws covered both civil and criminal matters. Among criminal provisions it specifies which should be capital offences: murder, robbery, deflowering another man's virgin wife, and adultery when committed by a woman. For other misdemeanors the penalty was a fine in silver… [Ur-Nammu's code stands] in contrast to the more famous laws of Hammurabi, drafted some three centuries later, with its savage provisions of 'an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'. (148-149)

It occurred to me that in many medieval settings, people getting killed is just a part of life.

This could be more to do with policing than actual murder being acceptable by society, as murder has always been considered wrong as far back as the code of Ur-Nammu, and likely before. But perhaps the policing of the laws have not been as well enforced during certain periods of history, as they are now.


Watch the video: Απίστευτο! Αρπάζουν παιδιά από γονείς και τα βάζουν σε καραντίνα (July 2022).


Comments:

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