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3 January 1942

3 January 1942


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3 January 1942

Far East

General Wavell is appointed commander-in-chief of the unified Allied Command in the South West Pacific.

Major-General Brett (US) is appointed as Wavell's deputy, General Pownall as his chief-of-staff, Admiral Hart as C-in-C Naval Forces

Chiang Kai-shek is appointed C-in-C Allied land and air forces in the Chinese theatre



File #378: "Training Directive No. 3 January 20, 1942.pdf"

LOCAL . CIVILIAN D, EFENSE FAMILIARIZATION
i. General
To t a l w a r, c o m m o n l y s a i d % 0 b e a n e w k i n d o f w a r p i s a s
old as mankind and used to be called "the law of tooth and talon".
To t a l w a r o p p o s e s n o t o n l y t h e a r m e d f o r c e s o f i t s e n e m i e s , b u t t h e
civilian populations as well. It strikes as men and women, children
and old people, seeking toCreate terror and havoc, panic and suffering among the noncombatant population in order %0 force surrender
upon their government. That is why it is necessary to set up
organizations and means %0 provide suitable air-raid warning
systems and shelters to minimize the effects of air-raid damage
to keep people calm to aid civilian casualties and clear them to
hospitals to protect them against fear and disease and fire and
panic, as much as against explosions of bombs, or agains

gases
and %0 cars for and strengthen the health and morale of the people
themselves. The Civil Air Patrol will be called upon %0 perform
many missions to assist in carrying out these objectives, hence it
is necessary that all members of the Patrol be thor6ughly familiar
with the organization and functions of their local civilian defense
agencies.
2.

It is recommended that unit commanders arrange with their
local Civilian Defense Councils to provide capable volunteer
instructors to conduct courses of instruction that will thoroughly
familiarize the members of the Patrol with the organization of all
local civilian defense, police, fire department, and first-aid
agencies, the services they perform, wh

they are located and how
t h e y m a y b e r e a c h e d i n c a s e o f e m e r g e n c y. T h i s c o u r s e o f i n s t r u c tion may be c

rried Dn concurrently with otherCivil Air Patrol
instruction.
3.

Service Records and Reports

As in the case of all other Civil Air Patrol instruction
courses, satisfactory completion of this course of instruction by
members of the Patrol shall be entered on their respective Service
Record Cards and reported to National Headquarters on th

Monthly
Service Reports forwarded through channels.
By command of Major General
GILL ROBB WILSON
Executive Officer


Benny Goodman brings jazz to Carnegie Hall

Jazz has been called 𠇊merica’s classical music,” a label that does more than just recognize its American origins. The label also makes the case that jazz is worthy of aesthetic consideration alongside music usually thought of as 𠇌lassical.” In the current era, when programs of Duke Ellington and J.S. Bach often draw the same highbrow crowds, that argument hardly seems controversial. In the 1930s, however, the notion was almost laughable, which is what made Benny Goodman’s January 16, 1938, concert at New York City’s famed Carnegie Hall so revolutionary. Goodman and his supporting cast claimed a new place for jazz on the American cultural scene that night, in what has come to be seen as the most important jazz concert in history.

Benny Goodman was at the absolute height of his legendary career when his publicist first suggested they book Carnegie Hall. He was a star on radio, on stage and on film, and the label “King of Swing” was already attached permanently to his name. So outlandish was the suggestion that a jazz band might play inside the citadel of American high culture, however, that Goodman is said to have laughed the idea off at first. Once he warmed to the notion, however, Goodman threw himself into the task with characteristic passion. In addition to numbers from the regular repertoire of his own band—which included the legendary Harry James on trumpet, Lionel Hampton on vibraphone and Gene Krupa on drums—Goodman planned a program featuring a brand-new “Twenty Years of Jazz” piece and an extended jam session featuring stars of the Duke Ellington and Count Basie orchestras. The concert sold out weeks in advance, with the best seats fetching $2.75.

It would be another decade before anyone who was not in the audience or listening on the radio that night would hear the famed concert. All recordings of the show were presumed lost until Goodman’s sister-in-law came across a set of acetates in 1950. By then, the performance had already become the stuff of legend—particularly the stunning, unplanned piano solo by Jess Stacy on “Sing, Sing, Sing,” the evening’s final number. The album made from the recovered acetates became one of the first 33 1/3 LPs to sell over a million copies. The eventual discovery of the aluminum studio master recordings led to high-quality CD reissues in 1998, 2002 and 2006 of the legendary Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert.


Benito Mussolini declares himself dictator of Italy

Similar to Adolf Hitler, Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini did not become the dictator of a totalitarian regime overnight. For several years, he and his allies worked more or less within the confines of the Italian constitution to accrue power, eroding democratic institutions until the moment came for them to be done away with entirely. It is generally agreed that that moment came in speech Mussolini gave to the Italian parliament on January 3, 1925, in which he asserted his right to supreme power and effectively became the dictator of Italy.

Mussolini had been a schoolteacher and an avowed socialist, but after World War I he became a leader of the nascent Fascist movement. Like much of Europe, Italy was rife with social turmoil in the wake of the war, with paramilitary groups and street gangs frequently clashing over their competing visions for the new political order. A close confidant of Mussolini formed a Fascist paramilitary group, known as the Blackshirts or squadristi, as Mussolini led the political party, and they found that government fears of a communist revolution allowed them to operate without state intervention. By 1921, Mussolini had been elected to parliament as the leader of the growing National Fascist Party.

Soon after Mussolini&aposs election, armed Blackshirts marched on Rome, demanding that the king install Mussolini as Prime Minister. In a decision that utterly changed the course of Italian and European history, King Victor Emmanuel III ignored Prime Minister Luigi Facta&aposs pleas that he declare martial law, leading to Facta&aposs resignation and Emmanuel&aposs invitation to Mussolini to form a new government. The Fascists and their moderate allies set about dismantling Italy&aposs democratic institutions. He was proclaimed dictator for a year and increasingly merged his party and its paramilitary wing with the state and the official military. He also undertook a program of privatizations and anti-union legislation in order to assure industrialists and aristocrats that fascism would protect them from socialism.

Despite these reforms, many Fascists felt Mussolini was moving too slowly. In 1924, assassins with ties to Mussolini killed socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti, leading most of the parliamentary opposition to boycott Mussolini&aposs legislature. The Fascists felt that their moment had come. On December 31, they issued an ultimatum to Mussolini. Three days later, he addressed the remainder of parliament, declaring "I, and I alone, assume the political, moral, and historical responsibility for all that has happened," obliquely referring to the assassination of Matteotti. In doing so, Mussolini dared prosecutors and the rest of Italy&aposs democratic institutions, as well as the king, to challenge his authority. None did. Thus, from 1925 onward, Mussolini was able to operate openly as a dictator, styling himself Il Duce and fusing the state and the Fascist Party. Two decades of suppression and brutality followed, culminating in Mussolini&aposs alliance with Nazi Germany and the Second World War.


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Songs from the Year 1942

This page lists the top songs of 1942 in the source charts. The way that the various charts are combined to reach this final list is described on the in the site generation page. There is also a set of monthly tables showing the various number ones on any date during 1942.

Between 1920 and 1940 there are few available charts (at least that we can find). These results should be treated with some caution since, with few exceptions, they are based on fairly subjective charts and biased towards the USA.

During this era music was dominated by a number of "Big Bands" and songs could be attributed to the band leader, the band name, the lead singer or a combination of the them. It is common, for example, to see the same song listed with three different artists. And, just to stop us from getting bored, the success of a song was tied to the sales of sheet music, so a popular song would often be perfomed by many different combinations of singers and bands and the contemporary charts would list the song, without clarifying whose version was the major hit. Where we have found such issues we have attempted to consolidate the entries using the most widely accepted value for the artist in each case.

At this point the number of input chart entries hit its lowest point in the period 1927-2007. This was not just because of the war, but also because of the musician's strike in the US.

The top ten song artists of 1942 were:

Previous Comments (newest first)

Sounds like 'Darling, Je Vous A'ime Beaucoup' which became associated with Hildegarde - your female singer. Biggest selling version was by Nat 'King'Cole (1955).

looking for a+ somg +, might +be +French , female +singer +, and it starts +with Darling +the +next +words are in +French

Keep the lights burning bright in the harbour

Looking for a song, I think from the 40's) saying either I am here or I'll be there and also a line about until the moon does something?

#94 - Ambrose & His Orchestra - Rose O'Day

This should be added to 'Bert Ambrose & His Orchestra' page (currently Song Artist #138).

#91 - Allan Jones - Intermezzo

To tie in with the other recordings of this song, I feel the title should bechanged to 'Intermezzo (Souvenir De Vienne)'.

To tie in with the other recordings of this song, I feel the title should bechanged to '(I Got Spurs That) Jingle Jangle Jingle'.

cd,s of songs in 1942 Albums

There was a song that goes: May the good Lord bless and keep you +wether near or far away, may your days be filled with gladness.

Wasn"t there a number 1 song entilded "I MET HER ON MONDAY" . Ron

According to our sources Horace Heidt released the song "I Met Her On Monday" in 1942 but it wasn't a hit.

That line has also been used in many other hits, for example The Crystals "Da Doo Ron Ron (When He Walked Me Home)", Craig David "7 Days" and Spinal Tap "Big Bottom".

This is the same as # 63 in 1941. It was issued as Columbia 36549.

You are correct the data has been fixed thanks for the input

These are almost certainly the same recording issued on Capitol 116. I have found no evidence that Holiday recorded it separately as a solo. The recording she made with Whiteman is the only one that shows up in any discography I have ever seen.

We think you are right, the data has been fixed, thanks for the correction

My mother in law's favourite song

She remembers, "I'd like to give that hand a plain gold band, 'cos I'm really and truly in love, " A male vocalist, with a band, probably 1942-44.

I was born in 1942, my father was a "song plugger" in those days that's what you called A&R and he would go around to gigs offering up songs from Gershwin to Arlen from Sinatra to Dinah Shore.

My cousins, Harry and Charlie Tobias are in the Songwriter's Hall of Fame and one of my dad's big hits was a silly nonsense ditty Hut-Sut Rawlston Rillerah written by Leo V. Killion, Ted McMichael and Jack Owens in 1941, recorded by the Freddy Martin, Spike Jones, and Mel Torme.

It had nothing to do with Ralston Purina Chex cereal.

I only found your web page today and I am thrilled. When I was growing up my father was in constrution work, and, we traveled from one job to another.(1938-1948) In those days few cars had radios, so, we would sing as we traveled from place to place. I am 74 years old now, and, I still find myself singing the bits and pieces of the songs we sang back then.

Sure woud like to have a copy of the lyrics to some of them. Where should I go?

We are glad the site was of some service to you. As you will have seen we are not a lyric site.

There are many lyric sites on the web, unfortunately they mostly have a lot of adverts. We would tend to go to LyricWiki (http://lyrics.wikia.com/) or A-Z Lyrics (http://www.azlyrics.com/)

the best years of my life.

I am 88years of age and recall all of the songs that i have seen on this page. i would enjoy to have every one of the most beautiful music of this era. The young people of today are really missing out if they don't try and listen to words and melody.

This was also a # 4 US Billboard Hit.

The song was listed under Peggy Lee (who sang it). The data has been made consistent, thanks.

19 & 67 Somebody Else is Taking My Place

These two entries are the same recording - Benny Goodman with Peggy Lee doing the vocal. It charted at # 1 in 1942 then was reissued in 1948 and charted at # 30.

For a confirmation of these two listings being the same recording see The Big Band Discography 1917-1942 by Brian Rust. He only lists recordings made up until the Musician's Union strike in 1942, but lists all known reissues of each recording as of the date of his research. Pop Memories 1890-1954 by Joel Whitburn also states that the Columbia is a re-issue of the Okeh recording.

You are clearly correct. We would normally list this under Peggy Lee, however the reissue in 1948 makes it more complex, we'd like to note the reissue in some way (rather than adding its weeks on to the 1942 release).

So we think the best course is to change the 1942 entries to Peggy Lee and the 1948 ones to Benny Goodman and make sure this note is posted on both artist's pages so interested users can see what we've done.

An interesting case, thanks for bringing it to our attention.

1942 first class all the way through

#19 and #67 Are probably the same song. Peggy Lee sang vocal on Benny Goodman's 1942 "Somebody Else is Taking My Place" if my memory serves me.

In the Bullfrog list there are two separate songs (with Prefx numbers of 1948_211 and 1942_033) one has a label of "Okeh 6497" the other has "Columbia 38198". We suspect that your suggestion that Peggy Lee sang vocals on both is correct (the 1948 release explicitly mentions her but, in the Bullfrog list the 1942 version only has "Benny Goodman & His Orchestra" listed).

As you know the informal Billboard charts before 1958 often listed songs without crediting artists (because the focus was Sheet music sales rather than records) or they list band leaders without vocalists or vocalists without band leaders. This has led to a number of confusing situations where the same song is credited to different combinations in different charts. Unfortunately every way to fix this challenge causes some other issues, we try and keep as close to the true history as possible while being as consistent as we can be in our approach. We've added a note to Benny Goodman's and Peggy Lee's page to mention this, however after reviewing the original Bullfrog list we decided that the best option is to leave the data as it is.

Despite the fact that on this occasion we're not going to make the alteration you suggest we would like to thank you for your input. It is the vigilance of users like you that helps improve the quality of data on this site.

What an amazing way to bring back all my old memories. I still have my records.

Thanks, but Woody Herman got shorted.

I just discovered your site and am sure I will benefit from it often in the future. However, I notice that for Woody Herman, you list only "Blues in the Night." Woody had a number of other chart hits, including especially "Woodchoppers Ball" and "Laura." "Laura" sold a million for sure and I think "Woodchoppers Ball" did also.

Regards, William L Rupp, Fallbrook, California

Woody Herman has his own page (you can get to it by clicking on his name, via the "Song Artists" list, the alphabetical list of artists or the site index). It lists more than 70 of his hits (including all three you mention).

We notice that we have have entries for both "At the Woodchopper's Ball" and "Woodchopper's ball" which we'll obviously fix in the future.

who sang this song in the mid-fifties?

The song "I Guess I'll be On My Way" was a hit for Woody Herman in 1942. No one else had a hit with that exact title in any of the charts we have.

The closest songs we have are "Dream Along With Me (I'm On My Way To a Star)" by Perry Como which was a hit in 1956, "I'm On My Way" by the Highwaymen in 1962 and "I'll Be on My Way" by Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas in 1963.

It is likely that someone covered the Woody Herman song in the 50s but didn't have a hit with it.

There were some great songs written and recorded in 1942 I maybe only 54 but I remember hearing them throughout my life. But the song for me which I remember very very well is "White Christmas" which is like a national anthem or should I say is the national anthem for Christmas but like I said early on 1942 saw some classic songs and they will never die.


You were born on a Saturday

January 3, 1942 was the 1st Saturday of that year. It was also the 3rd day and 1st month of 1942 in the Georgian calendar. The next time you can reuse 1942 calendar will be in 2026. Both calendars will be exactly the same.

There are left before your next birthday. Your 80th birthday will be on a Sunday and a birthday after that will be on a Tuesday. The timer below is a countdown clock to your next birthday. It’s always accurate and is automatically updated.

Your next birthday is on a Sunday


In the Solomons

Though the campaign had just begun, Saratoga and the other carriers were withdrawn on August 8 to refuel and replenish aircraft losses. On August 24, Saratoga and Enterprise returned to the fray and engaged the Japanese at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. In the fighting, Allied aircraft sank the light carrier Ryujo and damaged the seaplane tender Chitose, while Enterprise was hit by three bombs. Protected by cloud cover, Saratoga escaped the battle unscathed.

This luck did not hold and a week after the battle the carrier was struck by a torpedo fired by I-26 which caused a variety of electrical issues. After making temporary repairs at Tonga, Saratoga sailed to Pearl Harbor to be dry docked. It did not return to the Southwest Pacific until arriving at Nouméa in early December. Through 1943, Saratoga operated around the Solomons supporting Allied operations against Bougainville and Buka. During this time, it operated for periods with HMS Victorious and the light carrier USS Princeton (CVL-23). On November 5, Saratoga's aircraft conducted strikes against the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain.

Inflicting heavy damage, they returned six days later to attack again. Sailing with Princeton, Saratoga took part in the Gilbert Islands offensive in November. Striking Nauru, they escorted troop ships to Tarawa and provided air cover over the island. In need of an overhaul, Saratoga was withdrawn on November 30 and directed to proceed to San Francisco. Arriving in early December, the carrier spent a month in the yard which saw additional anti-aircraft guns added.


Key Dates

June 22, 1941
Killings accompany German invasion of the Soviet Union

German special duty units, called mobile killing squads (Einsatzgruppen), are assigned to kill Jews during the invasion of the Soviet Union. These squads follow the German army as it advances deep into Soviet territory, and carry out mass-murder operations. At first, the mobile killing squads shoot primarily Jewish men. Soon, wherever the mobile killing squads go they shoot all Jewish men, women, and children, without regard for age or gender. By the spring of 1943, the mobile killing squads will have killed more than a million Jews and tens of thousands of partisans, Roma (Gypsies), and Soviet political commissars.

September 3, 1941
Experimental gassings begin at Auschwitz

Experimental gassings are carried out at the gas chamber in Auschwitz I, the main camp at Auschwitz in southern Poland. 600 Soviet prisoners of war and 250 ill or weak prisoners are forced into an experimental gas chamber. The Germans test the killing potential of Zyklon B gas. Zyklon B was the commercial name for crystalline hydrogen cyanide gas, normally used as an insecticide. The "success" of these experiments leads to the adoption of Zyklon B as the killing agent for the Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center. Mass killings begin there in January 1942.

December 8, 1941
Chelmno killing center begins operation

Chelmno is located about 30 miles northwest of Lodz. It is the first Nazi camp to use poison gas for mass killings. Victims deported to the camp are forced into gas vans. A tube directs the van's exhaust into the hermetically sealed compartment, which holds between 50 and 70 people. Once the carbon monoxide kills all those locked inside, the van is driven to mass graves and emptied. Three gas vans operate at Chelmno, and at least 172,000 people will be killed there by mid-July 1944.


January 3, 1942 – Elsa Binder

By the time Elsa Binder began writing her diary in December 1941, she had already witnessed a great deal of tragedy. Germany had occupied her hometown of Stanislawow, Poland the previous July. Less than three months later, ten thousand Jews in the area were rounded up and massacred.

her hopes and desires

In light of this, it is not surprising that Elsa reflected on despair, hope, life, and loss in her writing. She was thinking of those who had been murdered when she wrote, “I hate winter. I am afraid of the freezing weather. But when I lie on my bed at this early hour, all my sad and lethargic self yearns for the moon, the snow the street. And when I realize that so many of my young comrades will never see them, never feel them, I rebel against it and my instinct for life awakens. Yes! I want to live. I want to eat well (butter appears only in my dreams and milk belongs to past memories), I want to dress well (I haven’t done it for ages), I want intellectual pleasures, and here comes the nicest wish—I want to love and be loved. This is nature’s law. Sad, but sound. At the fresh grave of my peers I dream about such trivial things. Good God!”

Elsa had conflicting feelings about her very normal desire to live. On one hand, she longed to experience again the simple pleasures that people so frequently take for granted. On the other, she felt guilty thinking about such things when she had so many friends who had been killed, who were now beyond the joy of life. Many survivors of the Holocaust have expressed similar feelings when looking back on the loss of family and friends. Even though this reaction is understandable, it must have been very painful for Elsa. She described her situation well when she concluded,

“So gray and colorless days, brightened only by dreams, go by between a sad reality and a radiant hope. Today is very sad, tomorrow is unknown.”

Elsa Binder’s diary was included in a book entitled, Salvaged Pages: Young Writers’ Diaries of the Holocaust by Alexandra Zapruder and was one of the featured diarists in an MTV video production entitled, “I’m Still Here.” You may read a brief biographical sketch of Elsa on Think MTV .


Watch the video: 1942. Серия 3 2011 (July 2022).


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